Bucharest is Romania's capital and at the same time, the largest city, industrial and commercial center of the country. The population of 1,944,367 inhabitants is that Bucharest is the sixth most populous city in the European Union. In fact, however, Bucharest gather daily over three million people, and experts predict that over the next five years, the total will exceed four million. Add to this the fact that the settlements around the city, which will be part of future metropolitan area population totals about 430,000 inhabitants.
The first mention of the village appears in 1459. In 1859 it became the capital of Romania. Since then undergoes constant change, being center stage art, culture and media. Between the two world wars, elegant architecture and elite Bucharest brought the nickname "Little Paris". Currently, the capital has the same administrative level as a county and is divided into six sectors.
Bucharest is located in the southeast, between Ploiesti north and south Giurgiu. The city is Vlăsiei Plain, which is part of the Romanian Plain. To the east lies Bărăganul in Găvanu Burdea the west and south is bordered by Plain Burnazului.
Plain Bucharest has altitudes between 100-115 m in the north-west, and 50-60 m in the southeast, in the meadow Dâmboviţei. The city itself takes place between 58 m and 90 m. Over 50% of its area is within the range of 80-100 m hypsometric and slopes not exceeding 2o value. Fragmentation is more pronounced in the eastern half, where they reach 1-1.5 km / km2.
Plain topography consists of a sequence of fields (inter-) and valleys (with terraces and floodplains) that alternate from north to south:
Bucharest is situated on the banks of the Dâmboviţa River, which flows into the Arges, a tributary of the Danube. Several lakes spread along the Colentina river, within the city, as Herăstrău Lake, Lake Floreasca, Lake Tei and Lake Colentina. And in the center there is a lake in Cismigiu. This lake, the former pool in the old medieval city, is surrounded by Cismigiu Garden, inaugurated in 1847 by architect Carl FW Meyer German. In addition there Cişmigiu in Bucharest and other major parks: Herastrau (Village Museum) and Botanical Garden (the biggest in Romania and comprising over 10,000 species of plants including exotic) Youth Park, Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park (known and the Titan Park or Park IOR), and many smaller parks and green areas of the district municipalities.
The climate is typical in the capital of Romania, respectively temperate continental. There are four specific seasons, winter, spring, summer and autumn. Winters are relatively mild in Bucharest with little snow and relatively high temperatures, while in recent years the summers are very warm, even hot (very hot up to 45 degrees in the shade) and little rainfall. This causes temperature differences winter - summer is up to 60 degrees.
The legend says that Bucharest was founded by a shepherd named Bucur. According to another variant most likely, Bucharest was founded by Mircea the Old at the end of the fourteenth century.
The settlement was documented on September 20, 1459 in a document issued by Vlad Tepes, ruler of Romanian, which strengthens an estate of boyars. City Dâmboviţei, as it appears in the early years the city had a strategic role, will monitor the way he walked from Târgşor in Giurgiu, the last settlement being an Ottoman garrison. Soon, states Bucharest, was elected on 14 October 1465 by Radu the Handsome as princely residence. In the years 1558 - 1559, the Court is built Old Princely Church, founded by Mr. Mircea Shepherd, it remains to this day the oldest place of worship in the city preserved in its original form. In 1659, under the reign of Gheorghe Ghica, Bucharest became the capital of Romanian, Turkish in order to have a capital in the plains and near the Danube, easier to control compared to Targoviste
In Bucharest there are currently two operational airports: Henri Coanda International Airport (formerly Otopeni) and Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (Baneasa original). Henri Coanda is the largest airport in Romania serving five million passengers in 2009 and is the main hub for the national operator TAROM. From there depart from and arrive daily flights from other cities in Romania and many other airports in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa. Aurel Vlaicu is used by low-cost airlines and charter planes to serve
Direct Booking recommendations for travelers of Bucharest. Bucharest is active, but everyday cultural life is quite rich, if almost every day at least one cultural event takes place at night it is quite animated
Bucharest is active, but everyday cultural life is quite rich, if almost every day at least one cultural event takes place at night it is quite animated. Theaters, libraries, museums, Athenaeum have always prepared a cultural offer.